In Amazon Elastic Cloud Compute(EC2), a key needs to assign when creating an instance. ssh connection can be establish by using that key.
ssh -i your_private_key.pem username@hostname
If you have a ubuntu instance the username may be ubuntu
Now, we need to allow another user from another local machine to connect your remote server via ssh.
1. Generating key pairs for your local machine:
Open your terminal(Ctrl+Alt+t on windows), in your local machine, write
ssh-keygen -t rsa
It will create two files id_rsa and id_rsa.pub in .ssh directory under your home directory, where id_rsa is your private key and id_rsa.pub is your public key.
2. Configure remote server
Create a new user on remote server:
Login with newly created user:
sudo su testuser
Creating authorized_keys file:
chmod 700 .ssh
Press i for insert mode, copy id_rsa.pub content and paste here. Press ESC, then type :wq save your changes.
Changing file permissions and owner:
chmod 600 .ssh/authorized_keys
chown testuser:testuser .ssh
chown testuser:testuser .ssh/ authorized_keys
Now you can able to connect with your remote server from local machine without locating .pem file: